What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by low bone mass or decreased bone strength that may lead to weak and fragile bones. If you have osteoporosis, you are more prone to fractured bones, particularly in the hip, spine and wrist, although all bones are at risk. Because peak bone density is reached at approximately 25 years of age, it is important to ensure bones are strong by that age. This will increase the likelihood that they will remain strong later in life. Adequate calcium intake is an essential part of building strong bones, while excessive alcohol intake, smoking or extreme thinness can speed up the bone loss process.
Low bone mass can also be caused by other disease processes such as vitamin D deficiency, low phosphate, excessive parathyroid hormone and tumours.
Why do I need to see an endocrinologist to check on my bone health?
It is important to detect individuals who are at risk of an osteoporotic fracture. Based on your age, family history, functional status, bone mineral density testing and other relevant medical history, your endocrinologist will be able to help you estimate your fracture risk. Your endocrinologist will also help you rule out other causes of low bone mass. Effective treatment is available to improve your bone mineral density and reduce fracture risk.